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Research, evidence and evaluation


A key objective is to ensure that interventions to reduce suicidal behaviour are informed by evidence from research and evaluated appropriately. Vital pieces of research from NHS Health Scotland, Scottish Government and national and international academics continue to inform the implementation of the suicide prevention strategy. This research includes:

Market Research to inform the development of an engagement strategy

This research report sets out to provide measures of awareness of suicide and suicide prevention messages in Scotland and gather insights and measures from key target audiences. The findings will be used to inform the development of a marketing plan for NHS Health Scotland's National Programme for Suicide Prevention.

National Guide on Suicide Prevention in Rural Areas

This is a two-part evidence-informed guide that aims to assist local areas to plan suicide prevention interventions in rural areas. The planning tool needs to be used in conjunction with the reference document, which sets out the evidence-based approach and case study examples.

Supporting people bereaved by suicide: a good practice guide for organisations that respond to suicide

This publication promotes a generic and easily-applied good practice approach to intervening and supporting people bereaved by suicide as part of a responder’s professional portfolio of skills. It also focuses on the support needs of responders in being able to carry out their challenging role.

Scottish Suicide Information Database Report

The overall purpose of ScotSID is to provide a central repository for information on all probable suicide deaths in Scotland, in order to support epidemiology, policy making and preventive activity. The database covers demographic information, contact with health services and related health data and will eventually (through inclusion of information from other data sources) provide further details relating to the suicide event and the wider social circumstances of the deceased.

This report presents data on deaths due to probable suicides registered with the National Records of Scotland (NRS) during the six -year period 2009 - 2014.

Trends in National Suicide Rates for Scotland and for England and Wales 1960 - 2008

This study reveals the widening gap in suicide rates between Scotland, England and Wales.

The research carried out by Manchester University, Edinburgh University and the Medical Research Council/Social and Public Health Sciences Unit in Glasgow, examined patterns of suicides north and south of the border between 1960 and 2008. The team found that the suicide rates in both men and women were lower in Scotland until around 1968 when they overtook England and Wales. Suicides among men continued to rise on both sides of the border until the early 1990s when rates in England and Wales began to fall and the gap between north and south widened markedly.

Guidance on action to reduce suicides at locations of concern  (external link)

This guidance is about preventing suicides at locations of concern and is an important part of the suicide prevention strategy in Scotland. A location of concern has been defined as 'a specific, usually public, site which is frequently used as a location for suicide and which provides either means or opportunity for suicide'. This guidance recognises the need for a range of agencies working in partnership and is adapted from the Australian Government Department of Health publication, Preventing Suicide at Suicide Hotspots.  



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